Maui, Valley Isle
The island of Maui is the second-largest of the Hawaiian Islands at 727.2 square miles (1883.5 km²) and is the 17th largest island in the United States. Maui is part of the state of Hawaii and is the largest island in Maui County. Three other islands, Lanai, Kahoolawe, and Molokai, also belong to Maui County. Together, the four islands are known as Maui Nui. In 2000, Maui had a population of 117,644, the third-largest of the Hawaiian islands, behind that of Oahu and Hawaii. Kahului is the largest town on the island with a population of 20,146. Wailuku is the seat of Maui County.
Highest point, Haleakala, is 10,023 ft. Haleakala is translated as, House of the Rising Sun.
Traditionally, the two major industries on Maui are agriculture and tourism. However, government research groups and high technology companies have discovered that Maui has a business environment favorable for growth in those sectors. Agriculture value-added enterprises are growing rapidly.
The climate of the Hawaiian Islands is characterized by a two-season year, mild and uniform temperatures everywhere (except at high elevations), marked geographic differences in rainfall, high relative humidity, extensive cloud formations (except on the driest coasts and at high elevations), and dominant trade-wind flow (especially at elevations below a few thousand feet).
The island has experienced rapid population growth in recent years with Kihei one of the most rapidly growing towns in the United States. The growth is occurring because many people, having visited Maui, decide to move or retire to the island.
Population growth is producing strains, including growing traffic congestion on many of the major roads. There is concern about the availability of affordable housing and access to water. Property prices have risen to levels such that families on average incomes find it difficult to afford renting or buying a home. Property developers have insufficient regulatory or financial incentive to build less expensive (affordable) homes. The Maui County Council seeks ways of amending this situation.
The island of Maui is the county seat of government for the islands of Moloka'i, Lana'i, Kaho'olawe, and Maui. It is the second largest of the populated Hawaiian Islands in land-mass, Maui also boasts the third-largest population in the state, behind O'ahu and the Big Island (about 120,000 in 2000).
When your friends learn you’re living and working on Maui, get ready for some envious looks. The thought of lying on sun soaked beaches, regularly named “the best” by travel magazines, is enough to make anyone jealous. Maui is blessed with a variety of picturesque landscapes. You can snorkel in Kaanapali one day and explore the summit of Haleakala the next. Spend a day driving along the legendary Hana highway then relax the next day by taking a leisurely stroll in Lahaina. There’s so much to see and do on Maui it’s best to plan ahead.
Medically Underserved Areas
Altough Maui is known thorughout the world as a place of leisure and wealth, there are pockets of need, especially on the islands of Moloka'i, Lana'i , and the remote area of east Maui. In general this county has limited health care resources, lack of public transportation, and health disparity issues.
This county is served by two Critical Access Hospitals and three Community Health Centers that are elligible to recruit NHSC personnel and J-1 Visa Health Professionals. The areas with the greatest health care needs are east Maui and the islands of Moloka'i and Lana‘i.