Types of HPSAs
HPSA scores can be calculated using three different methodologies:
• Low income
• Physician to population ratio
There are three different types of HPSAs:
• Mental Health
• Primary Care
Knowing a HPSA score can provide some context about a facility.
For example, a geographic HPSA could be designated because of
distance between one facility and another. Conversely, a low income
HPSA can occur in an urban, highly populated area or a rural, lower
populated area. These examples are not exclusive scenarios for these
What should you, a health care professional, know about
• Many loan repayment and scholarship programs use HPSAs to
determine areas eligible for service. One example of this is the
National Health Service Corps.
• All Federally Qualified Health Centers (FQHCs) are automatically
designated as a HPSA, although their individual HPSA scores may
vary. Not all FQHC – Look-a-likes are necessarily designated as
• HPSA scores can change!
• Know who your PCO contact is:http://bhw.hrsa.gov/shortage-